FederaL Resources

Agricultural Applied Climate Information System
This system is a repository for data collected at stations in the National Weather Service Cooperative Network.  Data and several standard summary reports are available.  Historically, the most common summary reports used in NRCS are TAPS (temperature and precipitation summary), FROST (frost-free days), GROWTH (growing season length), and WETS (wetlands determination). AgACIS is supported by the Northeast Regional Climate Center.

USDA has a long-term partnership with the PRISM Climate Group at Oregon State University. PRISM is a technique that uses point data in conjunction with a digital elevation model to create gridded datasets of precipitation and temperature for the U.S.

Reservoir Gauges and Monitoring
Water quality, precipitation, and project pool elevation data. Project reports and additional resources. 

Ask WATERS answers multi-program questions that draw on information from the databases linked through WATERS. This tool generates cross-program calculations, examines spatial relationships between programs, performs nationwide analyses, produces multi-program inventory reports for a given geographic area, and investigates interstate water quality issues. The 'Simple Query' answers frequently asked questions about WATERS data. Its easy-to-use interface returns summary, detailed, and graphical results in an easy-to-read format.The 'Expert Query' is a powerful tool consisting of fully interactive database views for users requiring more specific data analyses.

Assessment and Total Maximum Daily Load Tracking and Implementation System (ATTAINS)
The Assessment and Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Tracking and Implementation System (ATTAINS) is an online system for accessing information about the conditions in the Nation’s surface waters.

BASINS (Better Assessment Science Integrating point & Non-point Sources) with Climate Assessment Tool (CAT) Add In
BASINS is a multi-purpose environmental analysis system that integrates geographical information system (GIS), watershed data, and environmental assessment and modeling tools into one convenient package. BASINS CAT provides flexible capabilities for creating climate change scenarios. BASINS CAT can be used to assess the coupled effects of climate and land-use change, and to guide the development of effective management responses. 

Domestic Water Demand by 12-Digit HUC for the Conterminous United States
This EnviroAtlas dataset includes domestic water demand attributes which provide insight into the amount of water currently used for indoor and outdoor residential purposes in the contiguous United States.

Drinking Water Treatability Database
The Drinking Water Treatability Database (TDB) presents referenced information on the control of contaminants in drinking water. It allows drinking water utilities, first responders to spills or emergencies, treatment process designers, research organizations, academicians, regulators and others to access referenced information gathered from thousands of literature sources and assembled on one site. 

Environmental Quality Index and Associated Domain Indices by County for the U.S.
This map service displays the results data from the EPA's Environmental Quality Index. The US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL) in the Environmental Public Health Division (EPHD) is currently engaged in research aimed at developing a measure that estimates overall environmental quality at the county level for the United States. This work is being conducted as an effort to learn more about how various environmental factors simultaneously contribute to health disparities in low-income and minority populations, and to better estimate the total environmental and social context to which humans are exposed. This dataset contains the finalized Environmental Quality Index (EQI), and an index for each of the associated domains (air, water, land, built environment, and sociodemographic environment). Indices are at the county level for all counties in the United States. 

Facility Registry Service
This data provides location and attribute information on all facilities in EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for a internet web feature service . The FRS is an integrated source of comprehensive (air, water, and waste) environmental information about facilities, sites or places. 

Level III and Level IV Ecoregions
This map service displays Level III and Level IV Ecoregions of the United States and was created from ecoregion data obtained from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development's Western Ecology Division. The original ecoregion data was projected from Albers to Web Mercator for this map service.

National Contaminant Occurence Database
EPA developed the National Contaminant Occurrence Database to assemble and maintain a national drinking water contaminant occurrence database using information for both regulated and unregulated contaminants in public water systems.This site describes water sample analytical data that EPA is currently using and has used in the past for analysis, rulemaking, and rule evaluation. The data have been checked for data quality and analyzed for national representativeness.

National Hydrography Dataset Plus (Version 2)
NHDPlus is a geo-spatial, hydrologic framework dataset built by the US EPA Office of Water, assisted by the US Geological Survey. Since its first release in 2006, NHDPlus has been made available to the wider water resources community and has been used for many diverse applications by Federal, state, and local governments, as well as non-profit organizations, private companies and educational institutions. The NHDPlus user community has developed tools and ancillary data to support their NHDPlus applications.

National Inventory of Dams EnviroAtlas Dataset 
This EnviroAtlas dataset is a summary of the National Dams Inventory data from 2009 survey. The file contains counts of inventoried dams by 12-digit hydrologic units codes (March 2011) and total maximum storage capacity in millions of gallons. 

National Lakes Assessment Data
The National Lakes Assessment (NLA) was the first-ever statistically-valid survey of the biological condition of lakes and reservoirs throughout the U.S. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) worked with states and tribes to conduct the assessment in 2007. 

National Land Cover Datasets
The primary objective of the NLCD is to provide the Nation with nationally complete, current, consistent, and public domain information on the Nation's land cover. Land cover information is critical for local, state, and federal managers and officials to assist them with issues such as assessing ecosystem status and health, modeling nutrient and pesticide runoff, understanding spatial patterns of biodiversity, land use planning, deriving landscape pattern metrics, and developing land management policies.

National Listing of Fish Advisories Technical Maps
National Listing of Fish Advisories Technical Maps are a suite of interactive mapping and search tools for viewing fish advisories and fish tissue sampling data.

National Rivers and Streams Assessment
The National Rivers and Streams Assessment (NRSA) is a collaborative survey that provides information on the ecological condition of the nation’s rivers and streams and the key stressors that affect them, both on a national and an ecoregional scale. 

National Wetland Condition Assessment
The National Wetland Condition Assessment (NWCA) is a collaborative survey of our Nation's wetlands. The NWCA examines the chemical, physical and biological integrity of wetlands through a set of commonly used and widely accepted indicators.

NatureServe Analysis of Imperiled or Federally Listed Species by HUC-12 Watershed
This EnviroAtlas dataset includes analysis by NatureServe of species that are Imperiled (G1/G2) or Listed under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) by 12-digit Hydrologic Units (HUCs). 

Nitrogen and Phosphorus Pollution Data Access Tool
The Nitrogen and Phosphorus Pollution Data Access Tool provides downloadable data layers and key information on the the extent and magnitude of nitrogen and phosphorus pollution in our Nation’s waters; water quality problems or potential problems related to this pollution; and potential sources of these pollutants.

Nutrient Indicators Dataset
As part of EPA’s ongoing efforts to work collaboratively with states and other partners to accelerate nutrient load reductions and state adoption of numeric nutrient criteria, and as outlined in a March 2011 Nutrient Framework memorandum, EPA has developed the Nutrient Indicators Dataset. This Dataset consists of a set of indicators and associated state-level data to serve as a regional compendium of information pertaining to potential or documented nitrogen and phosphorus pollution, impacts of that pollution, and states’ efforts to minimize loadings and adopt numeric criteria for nutrients into state water quality standards. Information on the data source(s) used, the data collection process, and any caveats or assumptions made which should be considered when using the data, are included on each indicator’s individual web page.

Power Plants
This GIS dataset contains data on power plants, based on the Energy Information Administration's EIA-860 dataset and supplemented with data from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) compiled from various EPA programs.

RE-Powering America’s Land Initiative 
This initiative identifies the renewable energy potential of current and formerly contaminated lands, landfills, and mine sites and provides other useful resources for communities, developers, industry, state and local governments or anyone interested in reusing these sites for renewable energy development.

RePowering Mapping and Screening Tools
EPA’s RE-Powering Mapper, a series of Google Earth KMZ files, makes it possible to view EPA's information about renewable energy potential on contaminated lands, landfills, and mine sites, alongside other information contained in Google Earth. Using screening criteria developed in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Lab, EPA has pre-screened over 80,000 sites for their renewable energy potential.  As part of this effort, EPA collaborated with state agencies from California, Hawaii, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.  This screening was performed in August 2015.

ROE National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD)
This raster dataset comes from the National Land Cover Database (NLCD), 2011 version. It represents land cover across the contiguous 48 states, circa 2011. Each 30-meter-square pixel has been classified using a standard land cover classification scheme, and some of these categories have been aggregated further according to procedures outlined in EPA's Report on the Environment (www.epa.gov/roe). Data were originally processed and compiled by the Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics Consortium (MRLC), a U.S. federal inter-agency group, based on Landsat satellite imagery.

Safe Drinking Water Information System
The Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS) contains information about public water systems and their violations of EPA's drinking water regulations, as reported to EPA by the states. These regulations establish maximum contaminant levels, treatment techniques, and monitoring and reporting requirements to ensure that water systems provide safe water to their customers. This search will help you to find your drinking water supplier and view its violations and enforcement history since 1993.

Safe Drinking Water Hotline: (800) 426-4791

The StreamCat Dataset provides summaries of natural and anthropogenic landscape features for ~2.65 million streams, and their associated catchments, within the conterminous USA. 

Storage and Retrieval (STORET)
STORET is an electronic data system for water quality monitoring data developed by EPA. STORET has taken various forms since the 1960's. Since about 2000, STORET has referred to a local data management system as well as data warehouse developed for purposes of assisting water quality data owners manage data locally and share data nationally.

Water Budget Data Finder
Irrigation professionals using the WaterSense Landscape Water Budget Tool may use the Water Budget Data Finder to determine peak watering month and the appropriate evapotranspiration and rainfall values for a specific United States zip code.

Water Contaminant Information Tool (WCIT)
WCIT is used by the water sector to prepare for, respond to or recover from drinking water and wastewater contamination incidents. WCIT includes comprehensive information about contaminants that could be introduced into a water system following a natural disaster, vandalism, accident or act or terrorism. There are currently over 800 priority contaminants of concern listed in WCIT.

Contribute Data to National Wetlands Inventory
Wetland mapping that complies with the Federal Mapping and Classification Standard can be submitted to the National Wetland Inventory.

Ecosystem Benefits and Risks Website
The Appalachian LCC has collaborated with the US Forest Service to provide information and tools that fully integrate society’s value of ecosystems with future threats to better inform natural resource planning and management. Through links on this page, users can access information, maps, data, and additional resources brought together through this collaboration.

Environmental Conservation Online System (ECOS)
ECOS serves a variety of reports and data related to Fish and Wildlife Service Threatened and Endangered Species. Links for the systems most popular reports and data resources include: All Threatened and Endangered AnimalsAll Threatened and Endangered PlantsCritical HabitatDelisted SpeciesListed Species Summary, and Reclassified Species.

Landscape Conservation Cooperative (LCC)
The nations 22 LCCs bring together federal, state, and local governments along with Tribes and First Nations, non-governmental organizations, universities, and interested public and private organizations. LCC partners work collaboratively to identify best practices, connect efforts, identify science gaps, and avoid duplication through conservation planning and design. The Appalachian LCC covers the entirety of the Cumberland River Basin, as well as additional area and it's website includes news, contacts, funding opportunities, resources, and more. 

National Wetlands Inventory
New data has been added to both Wetlands Mappers for over 70 million acres of the U.S. These updates include various areas within the lower 48 states and American Samoa. To view these updates, please visit the USFWS Wetlands Mapper webpage. The Wetlands Mapper integrates digital map data with other resource information to produce timely and relevant management and decision support tools.  Data can also be downloaded by HUC 8 Watershed Boundary or by State. 

Wetlands Data Download
Wetlands data that can be downloaded by HUC 8 Watershed Boundary or by State. Wetlands data also is available in Google Earth format

Wetlands Data Verification Toolset
The Wetlands Data Verification Toolset is a user friendly tool designed to automate the quality control functions necessary to ensure your data submission meets the federal standard to be accepted into the national geospatial wetlands layer. The tool is designed to address specific geospatial errors, digital anomalies and logic checks. The toolset was created using ESRI Model builder, and is compatible with ESRI’s Arc Desktop 10.2 and 10.3.1.

Wetlands Mapper
The Wetlands mapper is designed to deliver easy-to-use, map like views of America’s Wetland resources. It integrates digital map data along with other resource information to produce current information on the status, extent, characteristics and functions of wetlands, riparian, and deepwater habitats. 

Forest Service Geodata Clearinghouse
The USDA Forest Service Geodata Clearinghouse is an online collection of digital data related to forest resources. Through the Clearinghouse you can find datasets related to forests and grasslands, including boundaries and ownership, natural resources, roads and trails, as well as datasets related to State and private forested areas, including insect and disease threat and surface water importance. You can also find downloadable map products, raster data, and links to other sources of forest resource information.

National Best Management Practices Program
The National Best Management Practices (BMP) Program was developed to improve management of water quality consistently with the Federal Clean Water Act and State water quality programs.The National BMP Program consists of four main components: 1) The National Core BMP Technical Guide 2) The National Core BMP Monitoring Technical Guide 3) Revised National Direction, and 4)A national data management and reporting system.

Active Groundwater Level Network
The Active Groundwater Level Network contains water levels and well information from thousands of wells that have been measured by the USGS or USGS cooperators at least once within the past 13 months. Only one site exists within the Cumberland River Basin.  This site is also within the agency's Climate Response Network.

Actual Evapotranspiration Modeling
This project applies evapotranspiration remote sensing at two scales, 1) across the full landscape at 1000 m MODIS resolution (as a component of the water budget to support water availability studies, and 2) on agricultural lands at 100 m Landsat resolution (for estimating crop water use). Actual ET (ETa) is produced using the operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model (Senay and others, 2013) for the period 2000 to present. 

Actual Evapotranspiration attributed to 12-digit Hydrologic Unit Code Watersheds data is available here

Aquifer Basics
A collection of data and maps of the principal aquifers throughout the United States.

Aggregate Water Use Data System Web Services
The U.S. Geological Survey maintains national data bases of water-use information. The data are collected and compiled every five years for every state. This version of the Aggregate Water Use Dataset was compiled from the 1985 through 2005 compilations.

Annual Water Data Reports
These reports were published annually for many decades for use by engineers, scientists, managers, educators, and the general public. These static archival products supplemented direct access to current and historical water data provided by the National Water Information System web interface (NWISWeb), the authoritative source for USGS water data.

BioData Retrieval
The USGS BioData Retrieval system provides access to aquatic biological community and physical habitat data collected by USGS scientists from stream ecosystems across the nation. USGS scientists collect fish, aquatic macroinvertebrate, and algae-community samples and conduct stream physical habitat surveys. The system contains sample data that were collected and processed since 1991 using the protocols of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA). As of 2010, the system has added data collected by USGS scientists using the procedures and protocols of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency National Rivers and Streams Assessment program (NRSA). 

Data Grapher and Data Tabler - Tennessee
From these web pages, you can create graphs and tables of streamflow and water-quality data from selected U.S. Geological Survey sites in the State of Tennessee.

DayMet Precipitation Attributed to 12-digit Hydrologic Unit Code Watersheds
Daymet is a collection of algorithms and computer software designed to interpolate and extrapolate from daily meteorological observations to produce gridded estimates of daily weather parameters. Weather parameters generated include daily surfaces of minimum and maximum temperature, precipitation, humidity, and radiation produced on a 1 km x 1 km gridded surface over the conterminous United States, Mexico, and Southern Canada.

Interactive map that allows users to locate USGS imagery data by interactive map or place name. Query and order satellite images, aerial photographs, and cartographic products from the USGS.

Hydro-Climatic Data Network
The USGS Hydro-Climatic Data Network is a subset of all USGS streamgages for which the streamflow primarily reflects prevailing meteorological conditions for specified years. These stations were screened to exclude sites where human activities, such as artificial diversions, storage, and other activities in the drainage basin or the stream channel, affect the natural flow of the watercourse. In addition, sites were included in the network because their record length was sufficiently long for analysis of patterns in streamflow over time. The purpose of the network is to provide a streamflow dataset suitable for analyzing hydrologic variations and trends in a climatic context.

Hydrologic Unit Maps
This page contains national watershed maps and data. The Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) is available here and is a nationally consistent watershed dataset that is subdivided into 6 levels (12-digit hucs). The 8-digit WBD (130 megabytes) and the new 12-digit WBD (980 megabytes) are available as geodatabases for download. 

Instantaneous Data Archive
Since 1889 the United States Geological Survey has collected continuous stage, discharge, and other instantaneous time-series data on the nations rivers and streams. These time-series data have been and are typically recorded at intervals ranging from 5 to 60 minutes. This web site has been established to make available as much historical instantaneous data from USGS data collection stations as possible. Although this site currently serves instantaneous discharge (streamflow) data only, work is planned to extend it to other time-series parameters in the future.

Modeling of Surface Water Quality
SPARROW is a modeling tool for the regional interpretation of water-quality monitoring data. The model relates in-stream water-quality measurements to spatially referenced characteristics of watersheds, including contaminant sources and factors influencing terrestrial and aquatic transport. SPARROW empirically estimates the origin and fate of contaminants in river networks and quantifies uncertainties in model predictions.

National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP)
The NADP monitors wet atmospheric deposition at approximately 300 locations throughout the United States and two locations in the Cumberland River Basin (Land Between the Lakes and Mulberry Flat (Also in Land Between the Lakes)). A fundamental NADP program objective is to provide scientists, resource managers and policy-makers world-wide with a long-term, high-quality database of atmospheric deposition to support research and decision-making in the areas of air quality, water quality, agricultural effects, forest productivity, materials effects, ecosystem studies, watershed studies, and human health. 

National Geologic Map Database
Nearly 100,000 geoscience maps and reports by USGS, the State Geological Surveys, and >600 other publishers, dating back to the 1800's.

National Hydrography Dataset and Watershed Boundary Dataset
The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) and Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) are used to portray surface water on The National Map. The NHD represents the drainage network with features such as rivers, streams, canals, lakes, ponds, coastline, dams, and streamgages. The WBD represents drainage basins as enclosed areas in eight different size categories. Both datasets represent the real world at a nominal scale of 1:24,000-scale, which means that one inch of The National Map data equals 2,000 feet on the ground. To maintain mapping clarity not all water features are represented and those that are use a moderate level of detail.

National Map
As one of the cornerstones of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Geospatial Program, The National Map is a collaborative effort among the USGS and other Federal, State, and local partners to improve and deliver topographic information for the Nation. It has many uses ranging from recreation to scientific analysis to emergency response. The National Map is easily accessible for display on the Web, as products and services, and as downloadable data. The geographic information available from The National Map includes orthoimagery (aerial photographs), elevation, geographic names, hydrography, boundaries, transportation, structures, and land cover.

National Streamflow Statistics
This is a downloadable computer program that allows users to obtain estimates of streamflow statistics for locations where USGS streamgages are not operated. It requires user input of drainage area and other watershed characteristics. StreamStats provides tools to estimate required inputs for the National Streamflow Statistics computer program. 

National Water Information System (NWIS)
The NWIS is the Nation's principal repository of water resources data. It includes data from more than 1.5 million sites, some in operation for more than 100 years. Data is available on streamflow, droughts, groundwater, and surface water quality and is searchable by state. 

National Water Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA)
NAWQA is a USGS database that can help you answer three questions: 1) What is the condition of our Nation's streams, rivers, and ground water? 2) How are these conditions changing over time? 3) How do natural features and human activities affect these conditions, and where are those effects most pronounced?

National Water Census - Data Portal
At the National Water Census Data Portal you will find national estimates of water budget components for local watersheds, water withdrawal data for counties, tools to calculate statistics of daily streamflow records, modeled daily streamflow at ungaged stations, and access to records of aquatic biology observations.

Ohio River Basin Forecast Center
River forecasts for waters within the Ohio River Basin from the National Weather Service. Includes watches and warnings, observed and forecast precipitation, radar and satellite information, 30 day water resources outlook map, and a 90 day flood risk outlook map, climatological flows, climate change and other related information. 

Peak Flow Data
Peak flow as measured at USGS gage sites in Kentucky and Tennessee

Ratings Depot
Stage-discharge relations (ratings) are usually developed from a graphical analysis of numerous discharge measurements. Measurements are made on various schedules and sometimes for different purposes. All discharge measurements are compiled and maintained in a data base.Ratings are available to agencies and other interested parties from the depot via http at the following URL:http://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwisweb/get_ratings?site_no=XXXXXXXX&file_type=exsa where XXXXXXXX is the 8-15 digit USGS station number.

Realtime Stream Flow
WaterWatch is a USGS website that displays maps, graphs, and tables describing real-time, recent, and past streamflow conditions for the United States. The real-time information generally is updated on an hourly basis. 

Reservoir Sedimentation Database
This federal agency database is a work in progress and is maintained by USGS. 

Sediment Data
Instantaneous fluvial sediment data, in addition to other instantaneous water-quality and ancillary data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), are available on-line through the National Water Information System water-quality database. 

Simplified Surface Energy Balance Actual Evapotranspiration Data
Actual Evapotranspiration is produced using the operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model for the period 2000 to present. The SSEBop setup is based on the Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEB) approach with unique parameterization for operational applications. 

Spatial Data Sets Available on the Water Resources Division's National Spatial Data Inventory Node
Hundreds of spatial datasets on this USGS Water Resources NSDI Node which are free to the public.

Stream statistics are computed from daily streamflow values, flood peak flows, and measured low flows, and include, for example, 100-year flood; 7-day, 10-year low flow; and mean annual flow. Statistics such as these are commonly used to help estimate reliability of water supplies and risks of floods or droughts, and may be available in published reports or from the StreamStats site. StreamStats is available in Tennessee and Kentucky

Water Availability Tool for Environmental Resources (WATER) - Kentucky
WATER was developed to provide a method of estimating streamflow, water availability, and other hydrologic information in un-gaged Kentucky basins. WATER incorporates and processes geospatial data to quantitatively describe topography, soil-water storage, climate, streamflow, and other parameters. WATER is also designed so that it can be expanded for other science and regulatory applications including, but not limited to, sediment and nutrient loads, evaluation of surface mining effects (Cumulative Hydrologic Impact Assessments), as well as flows that are necessary for ecological viability. 

Water-Use Information Program
The U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Use Information program is responsible for compiling and disseminating the nation's water-use data. The USGS works in cooperation with local, State, and Federal environmental agencies to collect water-use information. USGS compiles these data to produce water-use information aggregated at the county, state, and national levels.

Watershed Boundaries From GAGES-II: Geospatial Attributes of Gages for Evaluating Streamflow
This dataset, termed "GAGES II", an acronym for Geospatial Attributes of Gages for Evaluating Streamflow, version II, provides geospatial data and classifications for 9,322 stream gages maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). This dataset has two purposes: (1) to provide users with a comprehensive set of geospatial characteristics for a large number of gaged watersheds, particularly for gages with long flow record, and (2) to provide a determination of which of those watersheds represent hydrologic conditions which are least disturbed by human influences ("reference gages"), compared to other watersheds within ecoregions. 

This USGS tool provides basic flow statistics computed from daily streamflow values, including the daily average, minimum, and maximum streamflow; and flow duration curve for the period of observed data, allowing users to determine longterm flow statistics.

Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area Website
Encompassing 125,000 acres of the Cumberland Plateau, Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area protects the free-flowing Big South Fork of the Cumberland River and its tributaries. The area boasts miles of scenic gorges and sandstone bluffs, is rich with natural and historic features and has been developed to provide visitors with a wide range of outdoor recreational activities. 

Use this search tool to find park specific data including water quality, climate change, species, base cartography, and species occurrence and distribution

Cumberland Gap National Historic Park
At Cumberland Gap, the first great gateway to the west, follow the buffalo, the Native American, the longhunter, the pioneer... all traveled this route through the mountains into the wilderness of Kentucky. Modern day explorers and travelers stand in awe at this great gateway and the many miles of trails and scenic features found in the park.

Use this search tool to find park specific data including water quality, climate change, species, base cartography, and species occurrence and distribution

Cumberland Gap National Historic Park
At Cumberland Gap, the first great gateway to the west, follow the buffalo, the Native American, the longhunter, the pioneer... all traveled this route through the mountains into the wilderness of Kentucky. Modern day explorers and travelers stand in awe at this great gateway and the many miles of trails and scenic features found in the park.

Use this search tool to find park specific data including water quality, climate change, species, base cartography, and species occurrence and distribution

Hydrographic and Impairment Statistics Database (HIS)
The HIS database provides summary statistics of surface hydrography (acres of lakes, miles of streams, etc.) within and adjacent to each national park unit using the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) high resolution National Hydrography Dataset (NHD), the NPS Administrative Park Boundary Dataset, and other sources. 

Integrated Resource Management Applications
The IRMA Portal provides easy access to National Park Service applications that manage and deliver resource information to parks, partners and the public. The searchable portal includes resources related to data and documents, research in the parks, and species in the parks. 

Fort Donelson National Battlefield Website
Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant was becoming quite famous as he wrote these words following the surrender of Confederate Fort Donelson on Sunday, February 16, 1862. The Union victory at Fort Donelson elated the North, and stunned the South. Within days of the surrender, Clarksville and Nashville would fall into Union hands. Grant and his troops had created a pathway to victory for the Union.

Use this search tool to find park specific data including water quality, climate change, species, base cartography, and species occurrence and distribution

Natchez Trace Parkway Website
The Natchez Trace Parkway is a 444-mile drive through exceptional scenery and 10,000 years of North American history. Used by American Indians, "Kaintucks," settlers, and future presidents, the Old Trace played an important role in American history. Today, visitors can enjoy not only a scenic drive but also hiking, biking, horseback riding, and camping.

Use this search tool to find park specific data including water quality, climate change, species, base cartography, and species occurrence and distribution

Natural Resource Inventory
Data and resources on baseline water quality, climate, species, history and more all national parks across the Cumberland River Basin and in the United States. 

Park Boundaries
Current version of National Park boundaries (administrative boundaries) in GIS file format.

Stones River National Battlefield
The Battle of Stones River began on the last day of 1862 and was one of the bloodiest conflicts of the Civil War. The battle produced important military and political gains for the Union, and it changed forever the people who lived and fought here.

Use this search tool to find park specific data including water quality, climate change, species, base cartography, and species occurrence and distribution

Technology Development and Transfer
One of the ways that the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement balances coal production with environmental protection is by providing resources for technical assistance, training, and technology development. These activities support and enhance the technical skills that states and tribes need to operate their regulatory and reclamation programs. 

State Resources - KENTUCKY

Kentucky Geoportal
The Kentucky Geoportal is an award-winning data clearinghouse that provides easy and convenient ways to access and share geospatial data resources, including a great many water related geospatial datasets and data resources. Water related KY Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources datasets you can search for and find include: hunting and fishing access points and maps; blue water trails; boundaries of hunting areas including KY Wildlife Management Areas; conservation areas for bivalves; wetland birds, amphibians, and fish; and species richness bivalves and fish. 

My Profile - Access to your KY Fish and Wildlife Records
This tool allows fishing and hunting license holders to find all of their information, including Telecheck, Quota Hunt, License and Permit history information, as well as replace a fishing or hunting license. 

Research and Survey Needs by Taxonomic Class
Research and survey needs for fish and lampreys; mussels; crayfish, amphiphods and isopods; amphibians; and other aquatic species.  

Waterfowl Reports and Studies
Waterfowl surveys, ground counts, and hunting activity. 

Downloadable Maps
Mining and reclamation plan maps and permit boundary overlay maps have been scanned and georeferenced and are available for downloading here. 

Kentucky Mine Mapping Information System
A comprehensive and accessible system for the locations of Kentucky underground and surface mines. This site includes interactive mapsGIS data, a mine/map search tool, and more.

Spatial Data
Download spatial databases for permit locations, pending permits, and georeferenced Mine Reclamation Plans maps. 

Surface Mining Information System
The Kentucky Surface Mining Information System (SMIS) is an extensive computer database that is used for tracking all permitting and enforcement actions on coal mining activity in the Commonwealth of Kentucky.  Examples of information contained in SMIS include status of pending and issued permit applications; inspection background and frequency; past or pending violation problems; and other areas of interest. Please refer to the SMIS Tutorial for directions on how to download and setup Web SMIS on your computer. 

Watershed Trend Station Data
The Kentucky Department for Natural Resources has posted water quality data taken from in-stream sampling sites throughout the Kentucky coalfields.  The data represents analyses of water samples taken quarterly from July 2010 through June 2012.  Samples were taken from 53 sites in the eastern coalfield and 11 sites in the western coalfield during the time period. A table on this webpage lists information for each sample site and a link to its data sheet containing the measurements of concentration for tested analytes.

Groundwater Databases and Well Records
Water well and monitoring well construction records are submitted to the Watershed Management Branch by Kentucky Certified Water Well Drillers. Additionally, Department for Environmental Protection staff and staff from other agencies conduct inspections on reported, unreported and pre-law water wells, and springs. The information provided to Division of Water includes well or spring owner information; location information about these sites; and analytical data from samples collected after well installation, and during well inspections and spring inventories.

Integrated Reports: 305(b) Assessed Waters and 303(d) Lists
Every two years Kentucky reports to Congress on the condition of water resources in Kentucky. Water quality reports are available on KDOW's website in part or whole from the most recent back to 1996. 305(b) GIS data from 1998-2014 can be found here.

Kentucky Geoportal
The Kentucky Geoportal is an award-winning data clearinghouse that provides easy and convenient ways to access and share geospatial data resources, including a great many water related geospatial datasets and data resources. Division of water / water related datasets you can search for and find include KY Wild Rivers, TMDLs, floodplain permits, regulated dams, 305b water quality data, designated use waters, wellhead protection areas, combined sewer overflows, Municipal Separate Stormwater System (MS4) communities, groundwater monitoring wells, groundwater springs, state bioregions, Source Water Assessment and Protection Program data, permitted water withdrawals, priority watersheds, river mile points. 

Public Access Drinking Water Database
Use the public access drinking water database to find information about water systems in Kentucky excluding bottled water and semipublic water systems.

Water Resource Information System (WRIS)
The WRIS is comprised of strategic plans, water resource maps and publications, systems management information, reporting and regulatory requirements, guidance and training documents, procedural guidance and forms for project implementation and funding, and internet links to support services. Interactive maps in the system support planning and regionalization efforts. The interactive maps also facilitate drought monitoring and response, and rapid response to contamination emergencies. The GIS contains data for water and wastewater treatment facilities, water lines, water sources, storage facilities, sewer lines, and a database of non-spatial systems information. The GIS provides the fundamental data needed for the planning and emergency response activities. Using the GIS infrastructure data in computer models allows for cost-effective analysis of engineering alternatives, and facilitates the efficiencies needed to meet the needs of Kentucky's infrastructure development.

KGS Databases, Maps, and Publications
Webpage with free access to KGS databases, online map services and GIS data, and publications.

Groundwater Data Repository
The Kentucky Groundwater Data Repository houses a variety of groundwater related data including: a searchable database of water well and spring records; a water well and spring location map; a searchable database of groundwater-quality data; graphical groundwater-quality comparison; a groundwater-quality data map service; and a karst potential index map service. The repository database currently contains information for over 92,000 water wells, 5,100 springs, and 50,000 suites of water-quality analyses (millions of individual analyte results). 

Groundwater Quality Map - Interactive
An interactive map that allows you to view and query groundwater quality data. 

Groundwater Resources in Kentucky Counties
Groundwater information for every county across Kentucky. 

Kentucky Geoportal
The Kentucky Geoportal is an award-winning data clearinghouse that provides easy and convenient ways to access and share geospatial data resources, including a great many water related geospatial datasets and data resources. KY Geological Survey / water related datasets you can search for and find include: oil and gas well locations; Class I and Class II disposal and injection wells; groundwater quality; water well and spring locations and data; and karst potential. 

Oil and Natural Gas Resources Webpage
A webpage with a collection of research, maps, and basic information about oil and natural gas in Kentucky. Links connect visitors to basic information about oil and natural gas, dataresearch, a searchable oil and gas well database and more. 

Well Water and Spring Locator Map
An interactive map that allows you to view and query water well and spring data.

Maps and GIS Data
This webpage links visitors to KSNPC spatial datasets and maps. Resources include blackside dace streams GIS data, a Habitat Characterization Model for Federally Listed Plants in Kentucky map, a priority watersheds for conserving imperiled mussels and fish map, and a pre-settlement / present day land cover comparison map of Kentucky.  

Rare Plants Database
A database of rare plants across the state of Kentucky. This tool is searchable and provides lists of rare species by county. Also included on this webpage is a glossary of rare plant terms

Species and Community Reports
These reports include monitored rare and extirpated biota lists, monitored natural communities list, county reports, and monitored species with habitat and number of occurrences. 

Species Data Requests
Specific identification and location data for rare species and exemplary natural community occurrences can be provided when well-defined project areas are submitted for review. In addition, a list of rare species and exemplary natural community elements along with the number of occurrences of each element is also available for each county. This entire report is available online for download, or individual counties can be accessed on this Web site (Species & Natural Community) Data on conservation lands is also available. 

State Resources - TENNESSEE

National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) Program
Information about TN's MS4 program. This webpage includes a list of active Phase 1 and Phase 2 MS4s in Tennessee and a variety of compliance resources.

Interactive Rare Species Database by County, Quadrangle, and Watershed Listings
The majority of lands in Tennessee have had no rare species surveys, and the lack of point-specific data can be misleading. Therefore, the Division of Natural Areas suggests reviewing and downloading generalized data through an interactive, searchable database in order to determine what kinds of resources occur in specific counties, watersheds, or physiographic regions. This tool allows users to search and download rare species data by County, Quadrangle, or HUC 12 Watershed.

303(d) Lists of Impaired Waters in Tennessee
The 303(d) list is a compilation of the lakes, rivers, and streams in Tennessee that fail to meet one or more water quality standards. In addition, the list provides pollutant information and TMDL prioritization. 303(d) lists available on this site data back to 1992. 

305(b) Report on Surface Water Quality in Tennessee
The 305(b) Report summarizes the general water quality of surface waters in Tennessee. The report contains information about water quality, the assessment process, use support, causes and sources of pollution, and waterbodies posted due to human health risks. 305(b) reports available on this site date back to 2002. 

Enforcement Action Databases - TN Department of Environment and Conservation
A searchable database of TN Department of Environment and Conservation enforcement actions. Dataset includes orders and cases, respondents, and affiliated documents. Data can be organized via a number of parameters such as case number, site name, violation type, city, county, signed date, and more. 

Permits Database - Division of Water Resources
A searchable database of Division of Water Resources permits. Data can be organized via a number of parameters such as permit number, site name, permit type, city, county, and issuance date, amongst other options. A separate database specifically for groundwater permits (septic) is also available. Permits may also be viewed in an interactive Division of Water Permits Map

Tennessee Ecoregion Project (1994-1999)
This report contains a detailed description of Tennessee's ecoregion delineation and reference stream monitoring project. The ecoregion report describes how subregions were defined and how reference streams were selected. The report includes descriptions of macroinvertebrate, bacteriological, and chemical monitoring as well as habitat assessment. Summaries of all data are provided.

Water Quality Reports and Publications
This webpage includes links to water quality laws, rules, general information and planning documents, water quality assessment documents (including 305b and 303d lists) and technical/engineering documents. 

Water Resources Data and Map Viewers Website
The TN Department of Environment and Conservation makes data and map viewers available to the public on its website. This information comes from the same consolidated databases TDEC staff use to keep track of environmental regulatory activities, rosters and status. This website has a variety of data and map viewing tools. Permit related layers include: Aquatic Resource Alteration, Biosolids, Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations, Construction, Hydrostatic, Inter-Basin Water Transfer, Individual, Municipal Stormwater, Mining, Ready Mixed Concrete Facilities, State Operating Permits, Storm Water Multi-Sector Permits for Industrial Activities, Aquatic Herbicide/Pesticide, and Underground Storage Tank Remediation Discharge. Additional layers include: dams, water quality assessment, siltation impaired streams, habitat impaired streams, siltation impaired waterbodies, silt impaired drainages, Exceptional TN Waters, and MS4 Areas.

Water Withdrawal Registration Program
The Division of Water Resources collects information on the withdrawal and use of water within Tennessee. The information is used to identify water uses and resources that may require management at critical times, especially drought conditions. The purpose of the program is to protect the water resources of Tennessee from over-utilization. This webpage includes Groundwater 305b Water Quality Reports and the withdrawal videos 'Hollow Ground: The Land of Caves, Sinkholes and Springs' and 'Drops of Water in Oceans of Sand.'

BITE Program
Bass clubs have an opportunity to help the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency monitor bass populations.  TWRA asks bass clubs and tournament organizations to share tournament results for all tournaments held on Tennessee reservoirs. Data will be recorded in the B.I.T.E. (Bass Information from Tournament Entries) program. State fisheries biologists use this information, along with other sampling data, to document trends in bass populations. 

Download Wildlife Management Area Data
The boundaries of TWRA's Wildlife Management Areas are available for download in two different format types: shapefile or KML. Shapefiles are GIS files used with GIS software, such as ArcView 3.x and ArcMap. A KML file can be imported directly into Google Earth.

Spawning Temperatures
The table on this webpage lists the spawning temperatures of various fish species in Tennessee.

Threatened and Endangered Species in Tennessee
A list of threatened and endangered species in Tennessee.


Cumberland Region GreenPrint
The GIS GreenPrint Tools for Quality Growth web-based publication fulfills the need for a regional GIS based decision making tool that can be used by local and state government planners to insure access to and knowledge of critical lands for conservation. The information in this report is intended to provide a better basis for decision making as projected impacts and costs of land use and transportation decisions are being made and land resource conservation priorities are included in local and regional plans.

Stormwater Management Manual Volume 2 - Procedures
This volume from Nashville's Stormwater Management Manual provides a compilation of readily available literature relevant to stormwater management activities in Nashville and Davidson County. Topics covered include hydrology, hydraulics (including gutter, inlet, culvert, storm sewer hydraulics, bridge, and detention/retention hydraulics), erosion and sediment control, outlet protection, data collection, computer programs, and stormwater pollution prevention programs. An additional Volume 3 of the Stormwater Management Manual provides a theoretical supplement to the technical guidelines and procedures presented in this Procedures volume. 


Spatial Data Downloads
iHeartMountains provides a variety of GIS datasets including
2009 Extent of Mining Survey files, 2012 Extent of Mining Survey files, and Reclamation Fail Survey Files.

Managing Your Woodlands Handbook
A handbook for managing woodlands sustainably. 

Reclamation Fail Study / Map
A study and interactive map highlight the dearth of previously mined sites across Appalachia that have been reclaimed. 

TN Landforms
TSRA provides a link to this TN landforms database. Landforms include waterfallssinkholes, and lakes, amongst other features. Over 800 waterfalls are listed. The site notes that some of these landforms are on private property, so get permission before you go check them out. Other formations are difficult to access because they are off-trail.


Green Infrastructure Resources
Explore green infrastructure related maps and apps in the Living Atlas, made readily available by your peers for you to leverage. Find imagery, demographic, and other relevant data that you can use to build your green infrastructure strategy.